Historic Sites









TRINIDAD HEAD - On June 11, 1775, Bruno de Heceta, commandant of an expedition up the northwest coast, marched with his men and two Franciscan fathers from the shore of the bay to the summit of Trinidad Head. Here they erected a cross and took possession in the name of Charles III of Spain.
Hike to the top of Trinidad Head and the Cross from the beach parking lot.  
Location: 1.5 mi W of Hwy 101, Trinidad, USCG Station  


 THE OLD ARROW TREE - This site is said to have been used by Native Americans to commemorate an important peace treaty. In memory of the treaty, each tribe, upon passing, was supposed to have shot an arrow into the bark.
Head towards Korbel from Blue Lake exit.  Go west around circle and you will see the Korbel turn. Parking available and walk to site.
Location: 0.8 mi E of Korbel County Hwy F5L 100 (P.M. 2.2), Korbel 



Fort Humboldt - Ulysses S. Grant Posted Here  - Eureka, CA
By the early 1850s, newly arrived white settlers had moved into the Humboldt Bay area, causing conflict with the native inhabitants. To protect both Indians and settlers, Fort Humboldt was established in 1853 and operated until 1866. It became a focal point in the violent struggle between two cultures. Many Native Americans were assembled here before removal to reservations.
Above Hwy. 101 and Broadway in Eureka.  On Broadway, turn at the Flying J Fuel Station and turn left at marked exit, go up the hill.
Location: 3431 Fort Ave, Eureka
THE ARCATA MAD RIVER RAILROAD (reporting mark AMR), founded in 1854, was the oldest working railroad in California. It operated on a unique gauge until the 1940s when standard gauge rails were laid. The line closed in 1985 due to landslides. It is California Historical Landmark #842.
Location:  On the railroad tracks in Blue Lake.  Go to circle off Hwy 299, turn left on Railroad Avenue.  Continue onto Railroad station.  It is also the Blue Lake Museum.
PETROLIA (formerly, New Jerusalem and PetroleaCalifornia's first drilled oil wells that produced crude to be refined and sold commercially were located on the North Fork of the Mattole River approximately three miles east of here. The old Union Mattole Oil Company made its first shipment of oil from here, to a San Francisco refinery, in June 1865. Many old well heads remain today.
Off of Hwy. 101 through Ferndale, take Petrolia exit, Wildcat Road.
Location: NE corner Mattole Rd and Front St, Petrolia 
CAMP CURTIS, California State Historic Landmark #215,[1] was located about one mile north of Arcata, California, and served as the headquarters and garrison of the 1st Battalion California Volunteer Mountaineersfrom 1862 to 1865.[2]
Before Camp Curtis, an older "Camp on Janes' Farm," was situated on a rise above Arcata and used by California Militia volunteers as early as 1858 during the local "Indian Wars."[3]
Arcata was a trans-shipment point from boats to pack trains for interior mines. In the early 1860s, a ferry was maintained where the main road crossed the Mad River (California) at Essex. In early June 1862, the ferry operator and his family were attacked. An older woman was killed and a younger woman injured by bullets, two men drowned while fleeing the attack, but the ferryman and three children survived uninjured. The injured woman claimed she saw at least one white man painted to look like an Indian.[4]
In 1862, Captain Owsley arrived, establishing the official Camp Curtis on the same site as the volunteer camp. He and a party of 30 to 40 soldiers were charged with "preventing the murder by Indians of any more citizens in that vicinity."[5]
Location:  Off of Hwy. 101, at the end of L.K. Wood Blvd.  Historical Marker.

THE CENTERVILLE BEACH CROSS On January 6, 1860 the steamer Northerner, northward bound from San Francisco, struck a hidden rock two miles off Cape Mendocino, and from there drifted to the Centerville Beach. Thirty-three passengers and 32 crew members were saved - the cross was erected by the Ferndale Parlor No. 93, N.D.G.W., in memory of the 17 passengers and 21 crew members who lost their lives in this disaster.
Location:  Centerville Beach, east of Ferndale.

TSURAI (also, TschuraTschura-AllequasTsurau, and ZoreischDirectly below was located the Yurok village of Tsurai. A prehistoric permanent Indian community, it was first located and described by Captains Bodega and Heceta, June 9-19, 1775. The houses were of hand-split redwood planks, designed for defense and protection. The village was occupied until 1916.
Location: SW corner of Ocean and Edwards Sts, Trinidad 

Carlotta Hotel 
Central Avenue 
Built 1903-1904
John M. Vance, pioneer lumberman and railroad developer, established Carlotta in 1904 as a summer resort on the Van Duzen River. The resort had a hotel, a store, a livery stable-blacksmith shop, a saloon and several cottages. Vance named the resort for his youngest daughter, Carlotta.
Work on the hotel began in the fall of 1903, but it wasn't ready for occupancy until the following spring. The grand opening dance was postponed "owing to a delay in getting the gas light fixtures in place."
Prohibition and the depression brought a slump to Carlotta which continued until the lumber boom of the 1940s.
When the Carlotta Hotel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978, Carlotta was the site of two large lumber mills.  
*In the mid-1990s, an electrical fire sparked a blaze that destroyed the building.
NOTE:  The actor Rudolph Valentino visited Carlotta during the 1920's.  He liked to do "auto touring" and had a taste for expensive cars.  He was on his way to Carlotta on the old Carlotta road and stopped his car to speak with two young sisters (one who grew up to be Mrs. Maudlin).  He commented to them that Erla (Mrs. Maudlin) "was a very lovely country girl." with her Mary Pickford blonde curls at 15 years old.  He drove onto his location but it was a highlight in Mrs. Maudlin's life and she mentioned it often.