Glossary Crossword Puzzle Winter 2019





Inclusion, Institutional Racism, Intersectionality, Gatekeeper, Ally, Cultural Competence,
Racial Justice, Anti-Racism, Power Institutional, Microaggressions, Diversity,
Implicit Bias, Privilege, White Privilege, Structural Racism, Equity

2.     Also known as unconscious or hidden biases, implicit biases are unconsciously held negative associations about any given social group.  Implicit biases undercut conscious commitments to inclusion and fairness, particularly in organizations where they may be collectivized and institutionalized in hiring practices and as barriers to advancement.

6.     A multiplicity of races, genders, sexual orientations, classes, ages, countries of origin, educational status, religions, physical, or cognitive abilities, documentation status, etc. within a community, organization or grouping of some kind.  Pop wisdom:  Diversity is not a synonym for inclusion or equity.

13.   Fairness and justice in poicy, practice and opportunity consciously designed to address the distinct challenges of non-dominant social groups, with an eye to equitable outcomes.  See also:  Racial Equity.

14.   The work of eliminating racial disparities born of individual, institutional and structural racism.

15.   Fairness and justice in policy, practice and opportunity consciously designed to address the impacts of historic racial discrimination and inequity, with an eye to equitable outcomes.

16.   Being included within a grouping or structure with an authentic sense of belonging.  Organizationally, inclusion is expressed through practices and policies that empower employees across the board.

17.   A member of a dominant or privileged (race, gender, class, citizenship, etc.) social group who works for justice and equity with members of non-dominant social groups for those with less privilege within a social grouping).  Pop wisdom:  the social group of less privilege that you work with might label you "an ally" but it is bad form for you to claim the label for yourself.


1.     Historical and contemporary unearned advantages that enable white people to collectively have easier and better access toquality healthcare and education, wealth-building opportunities, political power, etc.  "White privilege is an invisible package of unearned assets which I can count on cashing in every day, but about which I was meant to remain oblivioius." (Peggy Macintosh, "Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack").

3.     Advantages and benefits systemically accorded, often by default, to a person or group.  Privilege is best understood intersectionality because colorism, documentation, status, economic class and education, for example, can all accord distinct privilege within racial and ethnic groups.  See also:  White privilege.

4.     Actively opposing institutional or structural racism by advancing changes in political, economic and social policies.

5.     Used most frequently in the context of healthcare and education, cultural competence is loosely defined as organizational practices that are responsive to the cultural beliefs, language, interpersonal styles, etc., of those receiving services as well as of those providing them.

7.     Public policies, institutional practices, cultural representations, and societal conventions that individually and collectively reinforce racial inequity and codify the advantageof "whiteness".

8.     Commonplace verbal, behavioral or situational actions --intentional or unintentional--that evince hostility, or are insulting and/or derogatory toward people with less privilege.

9.     Social, political and economic access to resources and decision makers, and the ability to influence others via this access.  Pop wisdom:  Social media, for all its ills, has somewhat reshaped the ability to influence.  Black Twitter, for example was initially driven by Black women scholars who didn't necessarily have institutional power in academia, but became widely and hugely influential on social media.

10.   Institutional racism refers to organizational policies and practices--based on explicit and/or implicit biases --that produce outcomes consistently advantaging or disadvantaging one racial  group.

11.   A term coined by Black lawyer and scholar Kimberle Williams Crenshaw to describe how race, class, gender, and other aspects of identity intersect and inform social inequities, and are experienced by individuals or groups of people.  Althugh, the term is now used widely and variously deployed, the  most helpful way to illuminate what intersectionality means comes from the legal context in which it was born.  "Intersectionality was a prism to bring to light dynamics within discrimination law that weren't being appreciated by the courts."  Crenshaw told Vox in 2019. "In particular, courts seem to think that race discrimination was what happened to all Black people across gender and sex discrimination was what happened to all women, and if that is your framework, of course, what happens to Black women and other women of color is going to be difficult to see."

12.   Anyone in a position of power that can grant or deny access to institutional resource.